TESL Canada Journal, Volume 4, Issue 2, 1987

A Comparison of ESL Students' Ability in Four Language Modes: Oral Composing, Independent Writing, Story Retelling, and Reading.

Victor Froese


Thirty-nine students (ages 10-14) were drawn from classrooms containing ESL students in three schools in one Winnipeg school division and comparisons were made for these ethnolinguistic groups Filipino, Vietnamese, and Chinese. For each of the four language modes - oral composing, independent writing, reading, and retelling - a number of language units were compared: number of words produced, number oft-units produced, average number of words per t-unit, and number of dependent clauses produced. The answers to the following four questions are discussed: I) In terms of language units, how do the modes compare across language groups? 2) How do oral reading miscues compare? 3) How does reading comprehension and listening comprehension compare?

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18806/tesl.v4i2.505

ISSN: 0826-435X
Online ISSN: 1925-8917 

TESL Canada Journal is indexed in CBCA Education (Canadian Education Index), EBSCO, ERIC, The Gale Group, and H.W. Wilson